19 A one-week focus on reducing water use and waste is delivering long-term results in three Perdue facilities. Continuous Improvement managers at Concord, N.C., Monterey, Tenn., and Petaluma, Calif., conducted Rapid Results Rallies in November 2018 to put a focus on saving water. A clever approach used at two locations was to designate “Water Sheriffs” who “arrested” department or team leads for wasting water. It was up to the associates on each team to “bail” them out by identifying water saving opportunities and scoring points for positive activities. Water use at the Monterey facility is down by 21 percent, for a savings of nearly 75,000 gallons a day, while Concord’s use has declined by 23 percent, or 52,000 fewer gallons a day. Water “Sheriffs" Arrest Water Waste ENVIRONMENT Poultry Litter a Valuable Resource for Farmers Who Raise Our Poultry The farmers who raise our poultry retain ownership of their litter because it is a resource that has financial value to them. For farmers whose crops need the nutrients in poultry litter, it can offset the costs of chemical fertilizers while improving soil quality. For those who cannot or do not want to use their litter, it is an agricultural commodity that can be sold to generate additional farm income or bartered. As such, the litter from a typical poultry farm is worth several thousand dollars per year to the farmer. Since poultry houses are enclosed and there is no liquid waste, there is no manure discharge from poultry houses. The small amount of manure deposited outside the house on free-range farms helps to support the vegetation in the pasture area. Litter, like any other fertilizer, is used by farmers in accordance with nutrient management plans that match fertilizer application to the needs of each crop, minimizing the potential for nutrient run-off. We also require all of our poultry farmers to have a nutrient management plan for the poultry operation. In addition, state regulations, such as the Phosphorus Management Tool (PMT) in Maryland, further regulate the movement and placement of poultry litter and fertilizers. While poultry farmers are responsible for making sure litter from their farms goes to an approved use, crop farming and poultry production are two separate activities. • The amount of nutrients applied to crops is regulated by nutrient management plans and other applicable state regulations, and crop farmers apply fertilizer accordingly. Therefore, the presence of poultry operations does not change the amount of nutrients applied to land, but the source of those nutrients may differ.   • Litter stored on the farm is kept in covered storage buildings to prevent run-off.